电机系统

More than 300 million motors are used in industry, large buildings and in infrastructure globally, and 30 million new electric motors are sold each year for industrial purposes alone. Electric motor driven systems (EMDSs) in industry are estimated to be responsible for approximately 29% of overall global, and 69% of industrial electricity consumption. Their energy costs are estimated to be USD 362 billion per year. By using existing technologies and practices the efficiency of industrial EMDSs can be cost-effectively improved on average between 20 – 30%.1 Such improvement holds the potential to reduce global electricity consumption by 3.2 to 4.8 EJ, cut the CO2 emissions by 770 – 1100 Mt, and save the industry between USD 72 – 108 billion, annually.2,3 This potential remains to be exploited. 

Electric motors convert electrical power into mechanical power and are often a part of a motor driven system. In industrial applications, electric motor driven systems are used for pumping, compressed air, fans, conveyance, and other forms of mechanical handling and processing. Although electrical motors and their controls, are typically the main electricity using parts in a motor driven system, their impact on the overall efficiency of the system is often limited. This is due to the fact that the other system components – such as pumps, fans, valves, pipes, ducts, and end-users – affect both the amount of mechanical power required by the entire system and the losses taking place during the delivery of this power, which collectively have a much larger influence on the overall energy consumption. Consequently, adopting a system approach is of great importance for optimizing energy efficiency of motor driven systems. The level of efficiency in a given system will depend on both the extent to which advanced solutions are used and the design of the overall system. In most cases, improving the effciency of a motor system includes the following:

  • Use of energy efficient motors;
  • Selecting the core components – like pumps, fans, compressors, transmissions, variable speed drives – with the right type and size and high efficiency;
  • Optimization of the design and operation of the complete system.

电机系统流程图

Assessing the performance and improvement potential for an electric motor is relatively straight forward with the help of well established efficiency classes (see the graph below). Typically, energy efficiency can be improved by 4 to 5% by using the best available motor. Benchmarking of the entire motor driven systems, on the other hand, is more complex due to the fact efficiency is greatly influenced by the a wide range of system components and operational practices. Some generic benchmarks for different efficiency classes are provided below.

电机系统基准线

Efficiency levels offered by different motor categories can be seen in the figure below1:

Efficiencies of different motor classes

Motor systems can show significant variations depending on the end-use, the type of core components used, and the level of optimization in the overall system. In table below, typical efficiency levels for low, medium, and high efficiency categories are summarized. (For a description of the characteristics assumed for different efflciency levels, please follow the links in the table)

Typical System Efficiencies for Electric Motor Driven Systems2
Motor System Type System Efficiency
Low End (%) High End (%) Average (%)
Pump Systems      
Low level of efficiency 20 40 30
Medium level of efficiency 40 60 50
High level of efficiency 60 75 67.5
Compressed Air Systems      
Low level of efficiency 2 5 3.5
Medium level of efficiency 4.8 8 6.4
High level of efficiency 8 13 10.5
Fan Systems      
Low level of efficiency 15 30 22.5
Medium level of efficiency 30 50 40
High level of efficiency 50 65 57.5

Total Annual Electricity Saving and CO2 Emission Reduction Potential in Industrial Pump, Compressed Air, and Fan Systems (UNIDO, 2010)
 

Total Annual Electricity Saving Potential in Industrial Pump, Compressed Air, and Fan System (GWh/yr)

Share of Saving fromElectricity use in Pump, Compressed Air, and Fan Systems in Studied   Industries in 2008

Total Annual CO2 Emission Reduction Potential in Industrial Pump, Compressed Air, and Fan System (kton CO2/yr)

Country Cost Effective Technical Cost Effective Technical Cost Effective Technical
US

71,914

100,877

25%

35%

43,342

60,798

Canada

16,461

27,002

25% 40%

8,185

13,426

EU

58,030

76,644

29% 39%

25,301

33,417

Thailand

8,343

9,659

43% 49%

4,330

5,013

Vietnam

4,026

4,787

46% 54%

1,973

2,346

Brazil

13,836

14,675

42% 44%

2,017

2,140

Total (Sum of 6 countries)

172,609

233,644

28% 38%

85,147

117,139

 

脚注

基准线脚注: 

Industrial electric driven motor systems (EMDSs) are very significant energy users. EMDSs in China, EU-27, and the US collectively account for around 56% of the global industrial EMDS consumption. If Japan, Russia and Canada are also added to this list, the collective share reaches close to 70%. Although this figure varies greatly between systems and between plants, on average 50% of the energy input into a motor system is lost leaving only 50% turned into useful mechanical application (IEA, 2011). More than 90% of the motors in the EU operate at or below standard efficiency, whereas more than 70% of all the motors in the US and Canada are high- or premium-efficiency motors (IEA, 2007). In China, the actual operational efficiency of electric motor systems is thought to be 10 – 30% below international best practice, depending on the industry (SWITCH-Asia, 2012). Approximately 97% of an electric motor's life cycle cost is associated with the cost of energy it uses (IEA, 2011). 

In the industrial sector, motors are used primarily for four main areas of applications.  These applications and their respective shares are summarized in table below. 

Estimated Demand by Application in Industrial Motor System Energy Use (IEA, 2011)

Application Demand (TWh/y) Share in Total
Pumps 942 21
Fans 718 16
Compressors 1122 25
Mechanical movement 1705 38
Total: 4488 100

Motors are grouped into three main categories as small, medium, and large. Of these, medium class motors (with an output between 0.75 and 375 kW) are responsible for 67.6% of electricity used in all motor systems.  The share of small (0.001 to 0.75 kW) and large (375 to 100 000 kW) motors are 23.3% and 9.1% respectively. Although their numbers are low, large electric motors are significant energy consumers due to their high power demand. The Table below provides an overview of types and characteristics of different motor categories. 

Motor
Size 

Motor output (kWm) Total
GWm
Operation

Running
Stock,
millions

Life
Time,
years
Sales,
millions
per year
Motor
Efficiency

Total
Electrical
Power, GWe

Electricity
Demand,
TWh/y
Min.

Max.

Median hrs/y Load
factor
Nominal Mean
Small 0.001 0.75 0.16 316 1500 40% 2000 6.7 300 40% 30% 422 632
Medium 0.75 375 9.5 2182 3000 60% 230 7.7 30 86% 84% 1559 4676
Large 375 100000 750 450 4500 70% 0.6 15.0 0.04 90% 88% 358 1611
Total       2948     2231 6.8 330   79% 2338 6919

Source: IEA, 2011. 

行业特性

脚注

[1] :

[2] :

[3] :

There are numerous organizations working at global, regional, national levels with improving the resource productivity and reducing the environmental impact of cement manufactuing. Some of the major ones are listed below:

Description: Air Movement and Control Association (AMCA) is the pre-eminent international testing body for air movement applications, and develops and publishes guides and international standards that underpin efficiency regulations for fans and buildings.
Description: Air Movement and Control Association (AMCA) is the pre-eminent international testing body for air movement applications, and develops and publishes guides and international standards that underpin efficiency regulations for fans and buildings.
Description: Similar to AMCA, American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) develops and publishes a range of guides and international standards that underpin efficiency regulations in the building sector.
Description: Similar to AMCA, American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) develops and publishes a range of guides and international standards that underpin efficiency regulations in the building sector.
Description: The Electrical Apparatus Service Association, Inc. (EASA) is an international trade organization of over 2,100 electromechanical sales and service and maintenance firms of motors, drives, controls and other electromechanical equipment in 58 countries. Through its many engineering and educational programs, EASA provides members with a means of keeping up to date on materials, equipment, and state-of-the-art technology.
Description: The Electrical Apparatus Service Association, Inc. (EASA) is an international trade organization of over 2,100 electromechanical sales and service and maintenance firms of motors, drives, controls and other electromechanical equipment in 58 countries. Through its many engineering and educational programs, EASA provides members with a means of keeping up to date on materials, equipment, and state-of-the-art technology.
Description: The Internationa Copper Association (ICA) and its regional organisations run a variety of programs either alone or in conjunction with other bodies to promote the use of copper through encouraging the uptake of energy efficient motors.
Description: The Internationa Copper Association (ICA) and its regional organisations run a variety of programs either alone or in conjunction with other bodies to promote the use of copper through encouraging the uptake of energy efficient motors.
Description: 国际能源署(IEA)是一个自治的机构,旨在确保其28个成员国或更多国家能够获得可靠的、负担得起的清洁能源。国际能源署一直是能源技术、能源效率和能源政策方面各类研究的重要合作伙伴。此外, 国际能源署还提供大量有关能源和二氧化碳排放量的统计信息。   Examples of IEA's work related to Cement Industry 除了开展各种水泥行业能源效率项目和研讨会外,国际能源署还参与了水泥行业能源效率和二氧化碳减排的研究工作,如与世界可持续发展工商理事会合作,研究水泥行业技术路线图,另一方面,跟踪工业能源效率和二氧化碳排放量,对世界水泥行业进行了分析,其中包含不同水泥生产技术的能源效率分析以及不同国家产量、能源强度、碳强度、替代燃料和材料的使用等相关信息。  
Description: 资源、能源和旅游部就澳大利亚资源、能源和旅游行业,为澳大利亚政府提供相应建议和政策支持。澳大利亚资源、能源和旅游部编制并发布相关政策,以提高澳大利亚的国际竞争力,这符合环境责任和可持续发展原则。
Description: 资源、能源和旅游部就澳大利亚资源、能源和旅游行业,为澳大利亚政府提供相应建议和政策支持。澳大利亚资源、能源和旅游部编制并发布相关政策,以提高澳大利亚的国际竞争力,这符合环境责任和可持续发展原则。
Description: The Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency is a department of the Australian Government . It is the key Commonwealth agency on greenhouse matters, and is responsible for both the coordination of domestic climate change policy and for managing the delivery of major new and existing Commonwealth greenhouse programs.
Description: The Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency is a department of the Australian Government . It is the key Commonwealth agency on greenhouse matters, and is responsible for both the coordination of domestic climate change policy and for managing the delivery of major new and existing Commonwealth greenhouse programs.
Description: Natural Resources Canada (NRCan) is the ministry of the government of Canada responsible for natural resources, energy, minerals and metals, forests, earth sciences, mapping and remote sensing. Its Office of Energy Efficiency (OEE) is responsible for energy conservation, efficiency and alternative fuels information and programs. The OEE is mandated to strengthen and expand Canada's commitment to energy efficiency in order to help address the Government of Canada's policy objectives.
Description: Natural Resources Canada (NRCan) is the ministry of the government of Canada responsible for natural resources, energy, minerals and metals, forests, earth sciences, mapping and remote sensing. Its Office of Energy Efficiency (OEE) is responsible for energy conservation, efficiency and alternative fuels information and programs. The OEE is mandated to strengthen and expand Canada's commitment to energy efficiency in order to help address the Government of Canada's policy objectives.
Description: The primary role of China National Institute of Standardisation (CNIS) is the development of national standards, including those relating to the energy performance of products. In addition, they run energy saving programs to promote energy saving in commerce and industry. MEPs exist on a large variety of products, and are available from CNIS.
Description: The primary role of China National Institute of Standardisation (CNIS) is the development of national standards, including those relating to the energy performance of products. In addition, they run energy saving programs to promote energy saving in commerce and industry. MEPs exist on a large variety of products, and are available from CNIS.
Description: 美国劳伦斯伯克利国家实验室(LBNL)是美国能源部科学办公室支持的国家实验室之一,由美国加州大学(UC)进行管理,主要进行跨多科学学科的公开研究。 美国劳伦斯伯克利国家实验室出版了大量有关一般领域及特定工业领域节能技术和措施的刊物 (covering, among others, cement, iron and steel, pulp and paper and glass industries),尤其是针对中国、美国和印度。Some of LBNL's key publications and tools are listed in the resources section below.
Description: 美国劳伦斯伯克利国家实验室(LBNL)是美国能源部科学办公室支持的国家实验室之一,由美国加州大学(UC)进行管理,主要进行跨多科学学科的公开研究。 美国劳伦斯伯克利国家实验室出版了大量有关一般领域及特定工业领域节能技术和措施的刊物 (covering, among others, cement, iron and steel, pulp and paper and glass industries),尤其是针对中国、美国和印度。Some of LBNL's key publications and tools are listed in the resources section below.
Description: Europump is the trade association representing European pump manufacturers. It is actively involved in European pump efficiency regulation, in particular through the EUP Directive. In parallel with, and in support of this, it writes and publishes reports/books on different aspects of energy saving in pump design, selection and usage. Several of these publications are written in conjunction with the US Hydraulic Institute.
Description: Europump is the trade association representing European pump manufacturers. It is actively involved in European pump efficiency regulation, in particular through the EUP Directive. In parallel with, and in support of this, it writes and publishes reports/books on different aspects of energy saving in pump design, selection and usage. Several of these publications are written in conjunction with the US Hydraulic Institute.
Description: Hong Kong Productivity Council (HKPC) is a multi-disciplinary organization which aims at promoting and assisting Hong Kong business sectors through the introduction of more efficient and updated business and technological methods.
Description: Hong Kong Productivity Council (HKPC) is a multi-disciplinary organization which aims at promoting and assisting Hong Kong business sectors through the introduction of more efficient and updated business and technological methods.
Description: 能源效率局(BEE)是印度电力部的一下属机构。旨在通过开发、部署和提高公众和企业能源节约措施和实践的意识,降低印度经济中的能源强度。能源效率局主要关注以下11个工业行业:制铝;水泥;化工;煤矿;化肥;窑炉;HVAC(暖通空调)、汽车;石化产品;钢材;以及纺织品。 能源效率局对电力部的国家节能奖(NECA)计划进行协调,国家节能奖(NECA)计划,对在能源高效利用和节约方面做出认真系统化努力的工业单位进行奖励。能源效率局公布那些获奖企业以及这些企业在其各自行业中所实施的项目。该过程产生了适于不同工业(包括水泥工业)的一组有价值的能效案例研究(能源效率局BEE, 2011a)。最后,能源效率局(BEE)设计并实施了执行、实现及贸易(PAT)能源交易计划。 针对水泥工业的能效改进,能源效率局主持了多项案例研究以及公司业务报告会,可点击这里浏览。
Description: 能源效率局(BEE)是印度电力部的一下属机构。旨在通过开发、部署和提高公众和企业能源节约措施和实践的意识,降低印度经济中的能源强度。能源效率局主要关注以下11个工业行业:制铝;水泥;化工;煤矿;化肥;窑炉;HVAC(暖通空调)、汽车;石化产品;钢材;以及纺织品。 能源效率局对电力部的国家节能奖(NECA)计划进行协调,国家节能奖(NECA)计划,对在能源高效利用和节约方面做出认真系统化努力的工业单位进行奖励。能源效率局公布那些获奖企业以及这些企业在其各自行业中所实施的项目。该过程产生了适于不同工业(包括水泥工业)的一组有价值的能效案例研究(能源效率局BEE, 2011a)。最后,能源效率局(BEE)设计并实施了执行、实现及贸易(PAT)能源交易计划。 针对水泥工业的能效改进,能源效率局主持了多项案例研究以及公司业务报告会,可点击这里浏览。
Description: 美国劳伦斯伯克利国家实验室(LBNL)是美国能源部科学办公室支持的国家实验室之一,由美国加州大学(UC)进行管理,主要进行跨多科学学科的公开研究。 美国劳伦斯伯克利国家实验室出版了大量有关一般领域及特定工业领域节能技术和措施的刊物 (covering, among others, cement, iron and steel, pulp and paper and glass industries),尤其是针对中国、美国和印度。Some of LBNL's key publications and tools are listed in the resources section below.
Description: 美国劳伦斯伯克利国家实验室(LBNL)是美国能源部科学办公室支持的国家实验室之一,由美国加州大学(UC)进行管理,主要进行跨多科学学科的公开研究。 美国劳伦斯伯克利国家实验室出版了大量有关一般领域及特定工业领域节能技术和措施的刊物 (covering, among others, cement, iron and steel, pulp and paper and glass industries),尤其是针对中国、美国和印度。Some of LBNL's key publications and tools are listed in the resources section below.
Description: 新能源产业技术综合开发机构 (NEDO) 是日本最大的公共研发管理机构,它与工业部门、教育部门和政府部门合作,协同开展技术研发项目。自1980年成立以来, 新能源产业技术综合开发机构特别关注能源和环境领域。新能源产业技术综合开发机构努力推进技术研发,以进一步提高新能源的利用效率并降低其成本,因而在工业技术研发方面发挥了重要的作用。通过强推进“绿色创新” 领域的发展,新能源产业技术综合开发机构正努力在技术材料、生物技术和机械系统等领域中发展、切实落实和推广以市场为导向的中长期关键技术。
Description: 新能源产业技术综合开发机构 (NEDO) 是日本最大的公共研发管理机构,它与工业部门、教育部门和政府部门合作,协同开展技术研发项目。自1980年成立以来, 新能源产业技术综合开发机构特别关注能源和环境领域。新能源产业技术综合开发机构努力推进技术研发,以进一步提高新能源的利用效率并降低其成本,因而在工业技术研发方面发挥了重要的作用。通过强推进“绿色创新” 领域的发展,新能源产业技术综合开发机构正努力在技术材料、生物技术和机械系统等领域中发展、切实落实和推广以市场为导向的中长期关键技术。
Description: Comisión Nacional para el Uso Eficiente de la Energía (CONUEE) is a decentralized body of SENER (Ministry of Energy, or Secretaria de Energia) that will advise the National Public Administration and promote the implementation of best practices related to energy efficiency in México.
Description: Comisión Nacional para el Uso Eficiente de la Energía (CONUEE) is a decentralized body of SENER (Ministry of Energy, or Secretaria de Energia) that will advise the National Public Administration and promote the implementation of best practices related to energy efficiency in México.
Description: The Carbon Trust is the de facto UK energy efficiency organisation, running a large number of initiatives to encourage energy saving in both industry and buildings. It is funded almost entirely from Government funds, and is responsible for several activities of interest to motor users:
Description: The Carbon Trust is the de facto UK energy efficiency organisation, running a large number of initiatives to encourage energy saving in both industry and buildings. It is funded almost entirely from Government funds, and is responsible for several activities of interest to motor users:
Description: The American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy (ACEEE) is a nonprofit organization dedicated to advancing energy efficiency as a means of promoting economic prosperity, energy security, and environmental protection. ACEEE has conducted research on energy efficiency trends, the potential for process modernization and efficiency improvements in manufacturing, the potential productivity gains from energy efficiency and pollution prevention measures, and policies and programs for accelerating efficiency improvements.
Description: The American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy (ACEEE) is a nonprofit organization dedicated to advancing energy efficiency as a means of promoting economic prosperity, energy security, and environmental protection. ACEEE has conducted research on energy efficiency trends, the potential for process modernization and efficiency improvements in manufacturing, the potential productivity gains from energy efficiency and pollution prevention measures, and policies and programs for accelerating efficiency improvements.
Description: Similar to AMCA, American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) develops and publishes a range of guides and international standards that underpin efficiency regulations in the building sector.
Description: Similar to AMCA, American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) develops and publishes a range of guides and international standards that underpin efficiency regulations in the building sector.
Description: Hydraulic institute (HI) is a US based association working for US pump manufacturers. It publishes both its own reference documents, such as those created in conjunction with Europump, and also works with ASME and US DOE on energy related documents. It maintains a comprehensive and up to date series of training materials under the Pumplearning.org initiative, and offers e-learning courses. 
Description: Hydraulic institute (HI) is a US based association working for US pump manufacturers. It publishes both its own reference documents, such as those created in conjunction with Europump, and also works with ASME and US DOE on energy related documents. It maintains a comprehensive and up to date series of training materials under the Pumplearning.org initiative, and offers e-learning courses. 
Description: 美国劳伦斯伯克利国家实验室(LBNL)是美国能源部科学办公室支持的国家实验室之一,由美国加州大学(UC)进行管理,主要进行跨多科学学科的公开研究。 美国劳伦斯伯克利国家实验室出版了大量有关一般领域及特定工业领域节能技术和措施的刊物 (covering, among others, cement, iron and steel, pulp and paper and glass industries),尤其是针对中国、美国和印度。Some of LBNL's key publications and tools are listed in the resources section below.
Description: 美国劳伦斯伯克利国家实验室(LBNL)是美国能源部科学办公室支持的国家实验室之一,由美国加州大学(UC)进行管理,主要进行跨多科学学科的公开研究。 美国劳伦斯伯克利国家实验室出版了大量有关一般领域及特定工业领域节能技术和措施的刊物 (covering, among others, cement, iron and steel, pulp and paper and glass industries),尤其是针对中国、美国和印度。Some of LBNL's key publications and tools are listed in the resources section below.
Description: National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) is the trade association for the US electrical manufacturing industry. It has extensive work done on standardization, application guides, white papers, and technical papers. NEMA established a NEMA Premium® energy efficiency motors program to provide highly energy efficient products that meet the needs and applications of users and original equipment manufacturers (OEMs).
Description: National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) is the trade association for the US electrical manufacturing industry. It has extensive work done on standardization, application guides, white papers, and technical papers. NEMA established a NEMA Premium® energy efficiency motors program to provide highly energy efficient products that meet the needs and applications of users and original equipment manufacturers (OEMs).
Description: The United States Department of Energy (DOE) is a department of the United States government concerned with the United States' policies regarding energy and safety.
Description: The United States Department of Energy (DOE) is a department of the United States government concerned with the United States' policies regarding energy and safety.
Description: Leonardo ENERGY is the premier web site delivering a range of virtual libraries relating to electrical energy. Managed by European Copper Institute and its European network of 11 offices, the Leonardo ENERGY initiative is dedicated to building information centres to serve designers, engineers, contractors, architects, general managers, teachers and students, professionally or otherwise involved with electrical power.
Description: Leonardo ENERGY is the premier web site delivering a range of virtual libraries relating to electrical energy. Managed by European Copper Institute and its European network of 11 offices, the Leonardo ENERGY initiative is dedicated to building information centres to serve designers, engineers, contractors, architects, general managers, teachers and students, professionally or otherwise involved with electrical power.
Description: 4E is an IEA Implementing Agreement for a Co-operating Programme on Efficient Electrical End-Use Equipment (4E) with participation from thirteen countries from the Asia-Pacific, Europe, North America and Africa. It was established to share information and transfer experience in order to support good policy development in the field of energy efficient appliances and equipment, which is seen as one of the largest and most rapidly expanding areas of energy consumption.
Description: 4E is an IEA Implementing Agreement for a Co-operating Programme on Efficient Electrical End-Use Equipment (4E) with participation from thirteen countries from the Asia-Pacific, Europe, North America and Africa. It was established to share information and transfer experience in order to support good policy development in the field of energy efficient appliances and equipment, which is seen as one of the largest and most rapidly expanding areas of energy consumption.
Description: Super-efficient Equipment and Appliance Deployment (SEAD) is an initiative of the Clean Energy Ministerial and a task within the International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation. It seeks to engage governments and the private sector to transform the global market for energy-efficient equipment and appliances. Through its activities and projects, SEAD is engaging governments and the private sector to tap the potential of appliance and equipment efficiency.
Description: Super-efficient Equipment and Appliance Deployment (SEAD) is an initiative of the Clean Energy Ministerial and a task within the International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation. It seeks to engage governments and the private sector to transform the global market for energy-efficient equipment and appliances. Through its activities and projects, SEAD is engaging governments and the private sector to tap the potential of appliance and equipment efficiency.
Description: The primary objective of Collaborative Labelling and Appliance Standards Programme (CLASP) is to identify and respond to the assistance needs of Standards and Labelling practitioners in targeted countries and regions while making the highest quality technical information on S&L best practice available globally.
Description: The primary objective of Collaborative Labelling and Appliance Standards Programme (CLASP) is to identify and respond to the assistance needs of Standards and Labelling practitioners in targeted countries and regions while making the highest quality technical information on S&L best practice available globally.
Description: Eco Efficiency for Queensland Manufacturers is a program of the Australian Queensland Government implemented to serve as a tool to assist Manufacturers to implement eco-efficient practices. It provides information and assistance for manufacturers to follow the pathway to becoming a world class, sustainable manufacturer. Eco-efficiency combines environmental improvement with cost reduction to maintain competitiveness, whilst becoming more sustainable and adapting to the pressures of a carbon constrained economy.
Description: Eco Efficiency for Queensland Manufacturers is a program of the Australian Queensland Government implemented to serve as a tool to assist Manufacturers to implement eco-efficient practices. It provides information and assistance for manufacturers to follow the pathway to becoming a world class, sustainable manufacturer. Eco-efficiency combines environmental improvement with cost reduction to maintain competitiveness, whilst becoming more sustainable and adapting to the pressures of a carbon constrained economy.
Description: Eco Smart Electricians is an initiative of the Australian National Electrical and Communications Association. It is aimed at electricians and electrical engineers that will equip them to deal with the rapidly growing demand by consumers for improved energy efficiency.
Description: Eco Smart Electricians is an initiative of the Australian National Electrical and Communications Association. It is aimed at electricians and electrical engineers that will equip them to deal with the rapidly growing demand by consumers for improved energy efficiency.
Description: Programa Nacional de Conservação de Energia Elétrica (PROCEL) is a government program run by Electrobras, the major Brazilian power utility. It's main objective is to promote the rational production and use of electricity, eliminating waste and therefore, reducing costs and investments, and improving energy efficiency. The program is responsible for the country’s energy label (Selo Procel).
Description: Programa Nacional de Conservação de Energia Elétrica (PROCEL) is a government program run by Electrobras, the major Brazilian power utility. It's main objective is to promote the rational production and use of electricity, eliminating waste and therefore, reducing costs and investments, and improving energy efficiency. The program is responsible for the country’s energy label (Selo Procel).
Description: Consortium for Energy Efficiency (CEE) is a consortium of efficiency program administrators from across the U.S. and Canada who work together on common approaches to advancing efficiency. Through joining forces, the individual efficiency programs of CEE are able to partner not only with each other, but with other industries, trade associations, and government agencies.
Description: Consortium for Energy Efficiency (CEE) is a consortium of efficiency program administrators from across the U.S. and Canada who work together on common approaches to advancing efficiency. Through joining forces, the individual efficiency programs of CEE are able to partner not only with each other, but with other industries, trade associations, and government agencies.
Description: The SWITCH-Asia project China Motor Challenge facilitates improvement of the operating efficiency of their systems for over 400 major industrial users of electric motor systems. Furthermore, it contributes to an increase in the demand and supply for high-efficiency motor systems through promotion of best practice in the design, production and application.
Description: The SWITCH-Asia project China Motor Challenge facilitates improvement of the operating efficiency of their systems for over 400 major industrial users of electric motor systems. Furthermore, it contributes to an increase in the demand and supply for high-efficiency motor systems through promotion of best practice in the design, production and application.
Description: European Motor Challenge Programme The Motor Challenge Programme is a European Commission voluntary programme (launched in February 2003) through which industrial companies are aided in improving the energy efficiency of their Motor Driven Systems. Any enterprise or organisation planning to contribute to the Motor Challenge Programme objectives can participate. Companies that use Motor Driven Systems can request "Partner" status. Through the Motor Challenge, they will receive:
Description: European Motor Challenge Programme The Motor Challenge Programme is a European Commission voluntary programme (launched in February 2003) through which industrial companies are aided in improving the energy efficiency of their Motor Driven Systems. Any enterprise or organisation planning to contribute to the Motor Challenge Programme objectives can participate. Companies that use Motor Driven Systems can request "Partner" status. Through the Motor Challenge, they will receive:
Description: Leonardo ENERGY is the premier web site delivering a range of virtual libraries relating to electrical energy. Managed by European Copper Institute and its European network of 11 offices, the Leonardo ENERGY initiative is dedicated to building information centres to serve designers, engineers, contractors, architects, general managers, teachers and students, professionally or otherwise involved with electrical power.
Description: Leonardo ENERGY is the premier web site delivering a range of virtual libraries relating to electrical energy. Managed by European Copper Institute and its European network of 11 offices, the Leonardo ENERGY initiative is dedicated to building information centres to serve designers, engineers, contractors, architects, general managers, teachers and students, professionally or otherwise involved with electrical power.
Description: The Enhanced Capital Allowance (ECA) scheme is a key part of the UK Government’s program to manage climate change. It provides businesses with enhanced tax relief for investments in equipment that meets published energy-saving criteria. This website covers equipment that qualifies for the allowance and provides background information about the scheme and its benefits, lists the eligible products and gives the performance criteria for each technology. It also explains how to claim ECAs.
Description: The Enhanced Capital Allowance (ECA) scheme is a key part of the UK Government’s program to manage climate change. It provides businesses with enhanced tax relief for investments in equipment that meets published energy-saving criteria. This website covers equipment that qualifies for the allowance and provides background information about the scheme and its benefits, lists the eligible products and gives the performance criteria for each technology. It also explains how to claim ECAs.
Description: Motor Decisions Matter (MDM) is a North-American public-awareness campaign sponsored by a consortium of electric utilities, industry trade associations, and others. MDM and its sponsoring organizations provide support for companies interested in motor management in the following ways:
Description: Motor Decisions Matter (MDM) is a North-American public-awareness campaign sponsored by a consortium of electric utilities, industry trade associations, and others. MDM and its sponsoring organizations provide support for companies interested in motor management in the following ways:
Description: Consortium for Energy Efficiency (CEE) is a consortium of efficiency program administrators from across the U.S. and Canada who work together on common approaches to advancing efficiency. Through joining forces, the individual efficiency programs of CEE are able to partner not only with each other, but with other industries, trade associations, and government agencies.
Description: Consortium for Energy Efficiency (CEE) is a consortium of efficiency program administrators from across the U.S. and Canada who work together on common approaches to advancing efficiency. Through joining forces, the individual efficiency programs of CEE are able to partner not only with each other, but with other industries, trade associations, and government agencies.

An industrial facility may contain thousands of electrical motors. In an operational plant that lacks a systemic motor management plan, motor decisions are usually made at the time of failures, where clock is ticking and restoring plant operation is of utmost importance. Such ad-hoc decision making often leads to sub-optimal solutions and comes at the expense of higher long-term operational costs. A systemic motor management plan, on the other hand, helps facilities to proactively manage its motor inventory which helps with maintaining an optimal system in place, while also reducing the risk of unplanned operational disruptions. These help reduce facilities' energy consumption and costs.  Typical elements of a motor management system may include: 

  • Creation of a motor survey and monitoring program;
  • Development of guidelines for repair/replace decisions;
  • Preparation for motor failure; 
  • Development of purchasing and repair specifications; 
  • Development and implementation of preventive and predictive maintenance programs (further information on these elements can be found, among others, in Motor Planning Kit developed by the Motor Decisions Matter Campaign).

Given the fact that motors are only a part of the motor driven systems, a higher level of energy savings can be realized by adopting a management system for the entire motor driven system. Guidance on developing an energy management system for the entire motor driven system can be found in US DOE's Energy Management for Motor Systems Guidebook